It is expected that the birthing woman bleed in connection with childbirth. Bleeding during 500 ml is normal. Bleeding over 500 ml occurs in approximately 5-15% of women in labor, while a severe bleeding over 1000 ml occurs in 1-2%.
There are several causes of bleeding after birth. The most common cause is that the uterus is left off, that it would not immediately pull together just after birth and that it bleeds renewable from the area where the placenta has been stuck. The bleeding can also be caused by jammed placenta or rift in the birth canal. Rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment most often restrict the bleeding.
The treatment depends on the cause. By laxity of uterus treat it primarily medical and manual compression of the uterus, and in rare cases with sewing of the uterus. By jammed moderkagevæv or fetal membrane treats you by removing those under anesthesia by the mother. By bleeding due to snags in the way of birth, these stitched to stop the bleeding. Massive sustained bleeding may make it necessary to remove the uterus, but it is now very rare. It occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 births in Denmark.